Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas Lumière (born October 19, 1862 – died April 10, 1954) and his younger brother Jean Louis (born October 5, 1864 – died June 6, 1848) were pioneers of filmmaking, rather appropriate since their name means “light”. They worked for their father’s photography business in Lyon. They began to experiment in an effort to create moving pictures. They invented perforations to help advance the film and patented the cinématographe in 1895, with which they shot the first film. It didn’t have much of a plot – the Lumière employees leaving the factory. The first paid screening of ten 50 second films in Paris included this white-knuckle extravaganza. They took their block-buster assemblage on the road to the world’s capitals to great acclaim.
But the brothers believed that “le cinéma est une invention sans avenir” (luh cinaymah et oon in-vehn-see-ohn sahnz aveneer), which means that “the cinema is an invention without a future.” They moved on to working on color photography and were left behind by the movie world. Their Autochrome color film was a grand success but the Lumière name eventually faded to darkness when they merged with Ilford.
- Tous les arts sont frères, chacun apporte une lumière aux autres (onequalitythefinest.com)
- Rare Color Photography of Early 1900s Paris (vintag.es)
- Color Photography of Early 1900s Paris (curiouseggs.com)