French scientist Louis Pasteur was born on December 27, 1822. He made an incredible number of advances in science over the course of his career including the development of the first vaccines and the process for treating milk that still bears his name – pasteurization. He did pioneering work on germ theory and fermentation – essential in a country that derives enormous economic gains from the wine industry. The germ theory work led to progress in the treatment and prevention of infectious diseases in plants, animals, and humans. Pasteur’s contributions led to the development of entirely new fields in science, including stereochemistry, microbiology, bacteriology, virology, immunology, and molecular biology. Today, the Institut Pasteur is one of the world’s leading centers of medical and scientific research and education.
Today’s phrase, “la science n’a pas de patrie” (lah seeahnse nah pah duh patree) is a Pasteur quotation. It means “science has no country.” Since Pasteur’s discoveries have made global changes, that assertion certainly seems to be true.
- Louis Pasteur, founder of microbiology (traceoflove.wordpress.com)